The songwriter denied being a ‘magpie’ and stealing ideas from other musicians (Picture: Dave J Hogan/Getty Images)
However, Mr Justice Zacaroli concluded Mr Sheeran ‘neither deliberately nor subconsciously’ copied a phrase in the song.
Mr Sheeran, his co-authors and their music companies originally launched legal proceedings in May 2018, asking the High Court to declare they had not infringed Mr Chokri and Mr O’Donoghue’s copyright.
Two months later, Mr Chokri – a grime artist who performs under the name Sami Switch – and Mr O’Donoghue issued their own claim for ‘copyright infringement, damages and an account of profits in relation to the alleged infringement.’
The pair had alleged that an ‘Oh I’ hook in Shape Of You is ‘strikingly similar’ to an ‘Oh Why’ refrain in their own track.
Ed Sheeran said ‘baseless’ claims are harmful, and he now records all his songwriting sessions (Picture: PA)
But in his previous judgment, Mr Justice Zacaroli concluded ‘Mr Sheeran had not heard Oh Why and in any event that he did not deliberately copy the Oh I phrase from the Oh Why hook.’
He dismissed the counterclaim and granted a declaration to Mr Sheeran and his fellow songwriters that they had not infringed the copyright in Oh Why.
Following the ruling, lawyers for Mr Chokri and Mr O’Donoghue had said that Mr Sheeran and the other claimants should pay their own legal costs, claiming they had failed to provide documents and demonstrated ‘awkwardness and opacity.’
However, in a ruling on Tuesday, Mr Justice Zacaroli said that the lesser-known songwriters should pay the legal costs, ordering an interim payment of £916,200.
A further hearing is expected to assess and finalise the sums.
Sami Chokri released Oh Why in 2015 (Picture: Tayfun Salci/ZUMA Press Wire/REX/Shutterstock)
Ross O’Donoghue also claimed the song infringes parts of one of their songs (Picture: PA)
‘I consider it is appropriate that the claimants’ success is reflected in an order that their costs are paid by the defendants, without reduction save for that which is made as part of the process of detailed assessment,’ Mr Justice Zacaroli said.
The judge dismissed arguments that the defendants would have changed their approach to the case if some documents and explanations about how Shape Of You was written had been provided earlier.
Mr Justice Zacaroli said: ‘None of the disclosure or explanations, once provided to the defendants, caused them to alter their approach at all.
‘Instead, they not only maintained their attack on Mr Sheeran but broadened it by asserting that he was a “magpie” who habitually misappropriated song ideas from other writers.’
During the 11-day trial in central London, Mr Sheeran – who said the trial had a great impact on his mental health – denied he ‘borrows’ ideas from unknown songwriters without acknowledgement and insisted he ‘always tried to be completely fair’ in crediting people who contribute to his albums.
In a video message after the ruling in April, Mr Sheeran said: ‘Claims like this are way too common now and have become a culture where a claim is made with the idea that a settlement will be cheaper than taking it to court, even if there is no basis for the claim, and it’s really damaging to the songwriting industry.’
The Lego House hitmaker confessed that ‘lawsuits are not a pleasant experience’ and he hopes ‘baseless claims like this can be avoided’ in the future.
‘This really does have to end,’ he said.
The A Team singer later revealed that he now records all of his songwriting sessions for protection.
If people try to make claims about him later down the line, he can tell them to ‘watch the footage’ and prove his innocence.
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